Huludao

Gateway into Northeast China

Huludao has a population of 2.82 million and a land area of 10,375 square kilometers. The prefectural city is located west of Jinzhou and north of the Liaodong Bay. It is the first city into Liaoning when you travel east from Beijing, just outside the Shanhaiguan Pass in neighboring Hebei Province. Huludao is a gateway into Northeast China. The prefecture administers three districts (Longgang, Lianshan and Nanpiao), one county-level city (Xingcheng), and two counties (Suizhong and Jianchang).

Geography and Transportation

The coastal line of the city totals 261 km, ranking second in Liaoning (No. 1 is Dalian). The annual average temperature of the city is 11°C, with the highest being 25.1°C and the lowest -7.3°C. The annual precipitation of the city averages at 560 to 630 mm.

Highways, railways, ocean shipping, air transportation and underground pipelines constitute a comprehensive transportation network. The Beijing-Harbin Expressway and Railway run across the city. Local highways and railways radiate in all directions. Binhai Road is essential to link the city with the outside world. The bridge between Jinzhou and Huludao, which has recently opened to traffic, is important for the development of the “Jinzhou-Huludao Metropolitan Area” along the west coast of Liaoning Province.

Huludao has two ports, the main Port of Huludao and the Port of Suizhong. Shanhaiguan Airport is 20 kilometers away, Jinzhou Airport 50 kilometers. Numerous underground pipelines pass through, including the strategically important Daqing-Qinhuangdao Oil Pipeline and the Panjin-Huludao oil pipeline.

Economic Development and Education

The secondary and the tertiary sector contributed almost equally to the 2009 regional GDP of Huludao, which was 44.56 billion RMB (about 6.37 billion USD). The primary sector only added 6.19 billion RMB (885 million USD). Quite the opposite in employment, where most of the 1.37 million jobs were in the primary sector, followed by the tertiary and last the secondary sector. Total investment in fixed assets was 25.41 billion RMB (3.63 billion USD). Huludao’s average salary was 23,943 RMB (about 3,420 USD) in 2009, the per-capita disposable income of urban residents was 15,305 RMB (2,186 USD) and the annual consumption per capita 10,051 RMB (1,436 USD).

Huludao has a number of universities and vocational colleges: Liaoning Finance and Trade College, Bohai Shipbuilding Vocational College, Huludao Vocational and Technical College, Liaoning Technical University (Huludao Campus), Shenyang University of Technology, Changchun University of Technology (Huludao Campus), Tianjin Network Engineering University (Bohai College), Huludao Open University, PLA Fourth Navy Flying College, and the Jinxi Navy Second Artillery College.

Industrial Pattern and Natural Resources

Huludao has a long history of mining. Molybdenum, lead, zinc, petroleum, natural gas, and nearly 1,000 underground ore deposits are found here, also uranium ores. The proven reserves of molybdenum ores are ranked No. 1 in Liaoning and account for one third of China. The city is one of the world’s top three production bases of molybdenum ores. It also has rich offshore oil and natural gas resources.

Huludao also has rich forest and fruit resources in the mountain areas. The total area of orchards stands at 1,300 million square kilometers. Qiansuo Orchard is the largest in Asia. With a 258-kilometer coastline and 89 square kilometers of mudflat, the city abounds in fish, shrimp and other seafood.

Being called the Island of Zheng, an ancient Chinese musical instrument, Huludao holds the International Zheng Culture and Art Festival every two years to attract domestic and foreign visitors. There is also the International Gourd Handicraft Fair held in the city. The annual Xingcheng Seashore Carnival is a great attraction to visitors from all over the world, as is the International Swimsuit Exhibition held in Xingcheng.

Foreign Trade

Foreign trade of Huludao developed quickly in recently years with a strong expansion of international communications. The total volume of foreign trade in 2009 was 1.014 billion USD with exports of 485.22 million USD and imports of 528.48 million USD. Foreign direct investment was relatively low at 74.47 million USD. Huludao is trying to extent communication and cooperation with more and more countries and regions, to build up a multi-level and multi-subject pattern of cooperation.

Living and Travelling in Huludao

Transportation in Huludao is convenient. The Beijing-Harbin Railway and the electrified Qinhuangdao-Shenyang Dedicated Passenger Line run through the city and provide direct links for travel and trade with Shenyang and Beijing. It takes about four hours driving from Huludao to Beijing.

The city offers a variety of places for shopping, leisure, dining, accommodation, and entertainment. There are different shopping malls, bars, restaurants, and banks, such as Xinhua Plaza, the Friendship Mall, and Hongyan Department Store. A TESCO supermarket is under construction. Huludao is one of China’s Tourism Cities and has a great number of cultural relics, historic spots and natural sights. The county-level city of Xingcheng is called the Second Beidaihe, which is another famous coastal destination where Mao Tsetung and other state leaders spent their vacation and held secret meetings. The Jiumenkou Great Wall has been listed by UNESCO as a world cultural heritage. It is the most eastern part of the Chinese Great Wall and over water.

Chaoyang

Overview

Chaoyang borders to Inner Mongolia with Chifeng and Tongliao to the north, Huludao in Liaoning and Qinhuangdao in Hebei to the south, Fuxin and Jinzhou in Liaoning to the east, and Chengde and Qinhuangdao in Hebei to the west. It is the westernmost prefecture of Liaoning.

The population of Chaoyang totals 3.43 million and the prefecture covers an area of 19,736 square kilometers, accounting for one-seventh of the whole province. Chaoyang administrates two urban districts (Shuangta and Longcheng), two county-level cities (Beipiao and Lingyuan), two counties (Chaoyang and Jianping), and also the Kalaqin Zuoyi Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region.

Geographical Location and Transportation

Diversified natural land types can be found in Chaoyang: mountains, hills, dry land, valleys, and flatland. In addition, the land of the city is utilized in various ways. The main mountains within the city include Nulu’erhu Mountain, Duling Mountain, Daqing Mountain, and Dahei Mountain. Chaoyang has rainfall in summer, but ample sunshine, a high diurnal temperature range, and moderate precipitation. The annual average temperature is 9.9°C. Annual average sunshine duration is 2,850 to 2,950 hours, annual precipitation 450 to 580 mm and the frost-free period is 120 to 155 days. Spring and autumn are windy and drought-prone. Wind force is normally from 2 to 3 with strong northwestern winds in winter.

Chaoyang has long been a city of strategic importance in the north of the Great Wall. Today, Chaoyang remains important in transportation from Beijing and Chengde to Shenyang, Dandong, Dalian, and other cities in Northeast China. Ten national and provincial expressways and highways and six railways running through the city ensure convenient transportation. The sound transportation network brings the city much closer to the other regions of the country. The modern communication network ensures that business visitors can keep in touch with every corner of the world.

Economic Development

Chaoyang is dominated by the secondary sector which contributed 25.98 billion RMB (about 3.71 billion USD) to the 2009 regional GDP of 51.81 billion RMB (7.40 billion USD). The tertiary sector had a GDP share of 15.63 billion RMB (2.23 billion USD) and the primary sector of 10.20 billion RMB (1.46 billion USD). Investment in fixed assets was 45.54 billion RMB (about 6.51 billion USD).

The average salary was 26,562 RMB (about 3,795 USD), the per-capita disposable income of urban residents 11,554 RMB (1,651 USD), and annual consumption per capita 8,635 RMB (1,234 USD).

The number of employees in Chaoyang was 1.798 million, with a share between primary, secondary and tertiary sectors as 4:2:3. Manufacturing provided nearly 50,063 jobs, education 40,753, and public administration nearly 37,681. More than 150,000 people were employed by private enterprises.

Chaoyang is the only prefecture in Liaoning that is not part of the two national development strategies of Shenyang Metro and Liaoning Belt. Instead, the provincial government has issued a regional development strategy for the Northwest of the province with Chaoyang as an important player and beneficiary. The Chaoyang Economic Development Zone, located in the suburban area, provides all necessary production and living facilities, which ensure perfect conditions for investment and construction.

Industrial Pattern and Resources

The pillars of agriculture in Chaoyang include planting, husbandry, forestry and fruits. The city has also formed a range of industries, with metallurgy, coal, light industry, machinery, electronics, building materials, textiles, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, food and beverages and paper making.

The prefecture has a large quantity of land resources. Agricultural land accounts for a main proportion. Since much of Chaoyang is in mountainous regions, significant differences exist in the geographical distribution of utilized land. Chaoyang also has rich mineral resources of good condition, just waiting to be exploited.

Foreign Trade

Export has developed well over the past years. A variety of 160 products in 14 categories is being exported to 60 countries and regions in Asia, Europe and America. The Chaoyang 2009 volume of foreign trade was 453.46 million USD, with exports of 370.28 million and imports of 83.18 million USD.

Living in Chaoyang

The downtown area is located 341 km to the west of Shenyang and 518 km to the east of Beijing, both to be reached by direct railways and highways. Driving from Chaoyang to Beijing takes four hours, the Port of Bijiashan in Jinzhou can be reached in 40 minutes. Chaoyang has an airport for medium-sized passenger planes.

Chaoyang has water, drainage, power, heat and gas supply. Several hotels, supermarkets and department stores are easily accessible.

Welcome to Invest in Chaoyang

To attract the investment of more domestic and foreign business people, Chaoyang has formulated a series of preferential investment policies.

  1. Administrative fees are exempted during the construction period for projects prioritized by the municipal government.
  2. Preferential prices and terms of payment are offered for merger and acquisition projects involving the city’s state-owned enterprises.
  3. Preferential land-use conditions are offered for overseas investors.
  4. Technologies and funds are offered for overseas investors.
  5. Awards are given to intermediaries introducing foreign investment.

To offer good services for investors, the city has set up an efficient service system and an administrative examination and approval center, offering one-stop service for all relevant formalities. It is the common consensus of all residents of the city to offer investors a sound investment environment. Government on prefectural and county level are making every effort to improve the investment environment by providing quality service.

Tieling

Barn of North Liaoning

Tieling has 3.06 million inhabitants and is located in the Songliao Plains of North Liaoning. It is an agriculture area. The prefecture covers 12,966 square kilometers.

Urban Yinzhou and Qinghe Districts, the county-level cities of Diaobingshan and Kaiyuan, Tieling County, Xifeng County and Changtu County belong to the prefecture. Tieling has an average 2,700 hours of annual sunshine and a precipitation of 700 mm. The temperature is 6.3°C, with a low at -31°C and a high of 35°C. The freezing period lasts 150 days. Precipitation is moderate, ideal for growing crops.

Geographical Location and Transportation

Tieling enjoys abundant water resources. The Liaohe River system with the river itself and 87 branches, has a water reserve of 3.14 billion cubic meters, of which 2.12 billion cubic meters can be utilized. This water reserve is not only able to meet residents’ daily water demands but also sufficient for the city and its downstream areas’ agricultural and industrial production.

Tieling features convenient transportation. Five state-owned railways, Changda Line, Pingqi Line, Simei Line, Kaifeng Line and Tiefa Line merge in the city and extend to a total of 450 kilometers. The average goods delivery by railway for each square kilometer of land is 562 tons, which is 40 times the China average. These railway lines also contribute to the international railway network. The newly constructed Tieling Railway Station provides complete services to the 60 passenger trains passing through every day. The station provides multimodal transport by connecting with relevant highway, airline and waterway shipping companies and also renders postal services.

Economic Development

The 2009 regional GDP of Tieling was 60.57 billion RMB (about 8.65 billion USD). The primary sector contributed 12.54 billion RMB (1.79 billion USD), the secondary sector 31.11 billion RMB (4.44 billion USD), and the tertiary sector 16.93 billion RMB (2.42 billion USD). Fixed assets investment reached 69.61 billion RMB (9.94 billion USD).

At an average salary of 24,066 RMB (about 3,438 USD), the per-capita disposable income of urban residents was 12,055 RMB (1,722 USD) and the annual consumption per capita 9,366 RMB (1,338 USD). In Tieling, 1.345 million people were employed mainly in the primary (573,000) and tertiary sector (469,000), while the secondary sector provided jobs for 303,000.

Industrial Pattern

Tieling has a solid agricultural foundation, considerable industrial inventory, sufficient water and power resources, abundant mineral reserves, and an advantageous geographical location.

Strong agriculture development made Tieling the “Barn of North Liaoning”. With four national commercial grain supply counties, the annual grain production of Tieling amounts to 2.5 million tons, the corn production to 2 million tons. Tieling is also ahead in animal husbandry, with 1.3 million cows, 3.3 million pigs, 25,000 deer, 552,000 sheep, and 86.6 million poultry.

The secondary sector of Tieling consists of 35 industrial categories, including mechanics, electronics, metallurgy, coal mining, rubber production, food processing, leather processing, pharmacy, chemical production, and textile manufacturing. Tieling has more than 19,700 enterprises, 227 of them have an annual turnover above 5 million RMB (0.7 billion USD). The Liaoning Guoneng Group Tieling Precision Machinery Co., Ltd. is the biggest drying equipment manufacturer and researcher in China. Tieling Huachen Rubber Products Co., Ltd. is the biggest complex rubber seal producer in China. The main industrial products of Tieling are coal, steel, copper and aluminum materials, valves, lifting equipment, chemical equipment, drying equipment, cement, rubber products, flat glass, paper and textiles.

Tieling also has 29 kinds of various mineral resources, such as coal, limestone, white clay, wollastonite, marble, granite, copper, iron, zinc, gold and many others. The coal reserve is about 2.2 billion tons, one third of the total reserve of Liaoning.

The city is a critical point to connect with Jilin and Heilongjiang provinces to the north. Within 100 kilometers around Tieling, there are 10 large cities and a population of 30 million. Those cities are mainly focused on heavy industry or chemical industry. Tieling is the city to focus on agriculture, including husbandry. The geographical location and agricultural specialty provide Tieling a major opportunity in the industrialization of agriculture and high value-added agricultural products.

Foreign Trade and Foreign Investment

The total volume of foreign trade in Tieling was 430.95 million USD in 2009, with exports of 420.17 million and imports of only 10.78 million USD. Naturally, Tieling’s export was focused on agricultural products. Export of corn was two thirds of the total corn export of Liaoning. The foreign direct investment of Tieling was 171.97 million USD in 2009.

Living in Tieling

Shenyang Taoxian International Airport is about one hour’s drive from Tieling, 70 kilometers. The city offers different choices of shopping malls and supermarkets, such as New-Mart, TESCO and Xinghong. The four-star Tianxing Hotel provides good service and accommodation.

Panjin

A Land of Rice and Fish

Panjin, a prefecture-level city in the southwestern part of Liaoning, is truly a land of rice and fish with beautiful sceneries and intact ecological environment. Situated in the heart of the Liaohe River Delta, its city proper is 155 kilometers from Shenyang, the provincial capital. The prefecture has a population of 1.3 million and a total area of 4,084 square kilometers, 2.75 percent of the area of Liaoning. It administers two counties, Panshan and Dawa, and two urban districts which are Shuangtaizi and Xinghongtai.

Geography

Panjin has an average temperature of 9.8°C. Compared with the Liaoning average, the annual climatic conditions are slightly higher temperature, slightly less precipitation, and less sunshine hours. From April to September there will be high temperatures, more rainfall and less sunshine. In summer, between June and August, cloudy and rainy weather predominates. Temperature is on the high end, with less rainfall and much sunshine in September and October. Panjin is situated in the Cenozoic sedimentary basin in the northeast of the North China Continental Platform. Due to reactions from alluvial rivers and alluvial floods, the city was continuously covered with loose sediments. The topography is characterized by low land with a slightly higher elevation in the north and a slope of less than 2 degrees. Average elevation is 4 meters above sea level, the maximum is 18.2, minimum 0.3 meters.

Economic Development

The 2009 regional GDP of Panjin was 67.69 billion RMB (about 9.67 billion USD), with a secondary sector of 61 percent (5.90 billion USD), a tertiary sector of 28.1 percent (2.72 billion USD) and a primary sector of 10.9 percent (1.05 billion USD). Investment in fixed assets was 34.66 billion RMB (4.95 billion USD). The average salary was 24,361 RMB (about 3,480 USD), per-capita disposable income 18,563 RMB (2,652 USD) and annual consumption per capita 13,486 RMB (1,927 USD).

Most of the 1.08 million employees of Panjin worked in the primary sector (420,000 persons), including 185,672 in farming, forestry, husbandry and fishing and 144,374 in mining. Manufacturing only employed 36,123 persons, public administration 23,031, and construction 21,851.

Industrial Pattern and Resources

Panjin is situated at the joint of river and sea and has a warm climate. The region is rich in flora and fauna, especially fish. Paddy fields yield grain and high-quality rice, river and sea are source of aquatic products. The world’s largest reed field is in the prefecture, source of raw materials for the paper and building industries. Panjin is said to be the land of milk and honey.

Underground are abundant oil and natural gas reserves, which account for 10 percent of China’s total proven reserves. Panjin is home to Liaohe Oilfield, the third largest in China, and is the largest production base of special oils in China and the fourth largest in the world.

Land Resources

Panjin covers a land area of 407,100 hectares. Panjin rice, famous both at home and abroad, is one of Panjin’s main export commodities. Panjin still has 20,000 hectares of land that can be planted. With increasing reclaimed coastal beaches each year, the land area keeps growing.

Mineral Resources

Panjin enjoys rich underground minerals such as oil, natural gas, well salt, coal and sulfur. Underground bittern resources were discovered in west Hujia and south Tianshui, Yangjuanzi, and Dongguo of Panshan County.

Reed Resources

The harvested area of reed fields in Panjin stands at 55,608 hectares, which produce about 500,000 tons of reed annually, making it one of the top producers in the world. The reeds are mainly used as raw material for paper, and account for more than 50 percent of the total reeds output in Liaoning.

Aquatic Resources

The south of Panjin has about 200,000 hectare of shallow waters, host to 40,000 to 50,000 tons of fish, shrimps, and crabs, which account for 70 percent of the total in Liaodong Bay.

Grassland Resources

Panjin City has 4,000 hectare of high-quality pastures, which are located in Shishan Breeder Farm and Panshan County Dahuang Farm.

Foreign Trade and Foreign Investment

Foreign trade in Panjin has increased quickly. According to customs statistics, the foreign trade volume in 2009 was 375.18 million USD, import was 82.88 million, export 292.3 million USD, and foreign direct investment 301.78 million USD.

Panjin has set up trade relations with 90 countries of the world. Top five trade partner countries of Panjin are India, South Korea, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, and Pakistan.

Travelling and Living in Panjin

Natural plains, rice and reed fields, grassland, red beaches, rare birds and spectacular rivers compose the picture of Panjin, making the region an ideal destination for tourists. More than 600 kilometers away from Beijing, Panjin has a beach where the Suaeda grass near the sea slowly turns red in autumn, spreading across the entire beach and forming a spectacular view, called the Red Beach.

Panjin has both star hotels such as Panjin International Trade Hotel, Kunlun Hotel, Panjin International Hotel, and small clean hostels providing inexpensive but comfortable accommodation for visitors. New-mart Mall and Xinghong Shopping Mall are right choices for shopping.

Liaoyang

Ancient Town in the Heart of Liaoning

Liaoyang is a city with a rich culture and a long history of over 2,400 years. During this time, Liaoyang was once the capital of six regional kingdoms. In 2004, the city was listed as an “Outstanding Tourist City” by the China National Tourism Administration.

Situated in the southern part of Shenyang Metropolitan Area, Liaoyang has a total population of 1.84 million. The prefecture has an area of 4,741 square kilometers and administers five urban districts on county level (Baita, Wensheng, Hongwei, Gongchangling, and Taizihe), one city (Dengta City) and Liaoyang County.

Geographical Location and Transportation

The city enjoys a prime geographical location. The southeast of the city is located nearby the hills at the west foot of the Qianshan Mountain, the northeast neighbors upon the hills at the tip of the Longgang Mountain, and the west lies at the edge of the lower Liaohe River Plain, accounting for about half of the whole city. The Hunhe River and the Taizi River flow from Benxi into Liaoyang through Wayuxi gully in Jiguanshan Town in the city’s east area.

The city is surrounded by Anshan to the south, Shenyang to the north, Benxi to the east, and the Liaohe Oilfield to the west. Shenyang-Dalian Expressway and Changchun-Dalian Railway connect Liaoyang with Shenyang at a distance of 70 kilometers. The expressway is an artery to the ports and large enterprises, such as Angang Steel Co., Ltd. and Liaoyang Petrochemical Fiber Company. Oil pipelines and railways to Changchun and Harbin link with Daqing Oilfield, the largest in China. Liaoyang-Benxi Railway and Liaoyang-Benxi Highway lead to Benxi, 79 kilometers to the east. Nearby Shenyang International Airport and the Port of Dalian connect Liaoyang with the world.

Economic Development

Liaoyang is a highly industrialized region, which is reflected in the composition of its regional GDP. In 2009, the total was 60.83 billion RMB in 2009 (about 8.69 billion USD), and the secondary sector had a share of 63 percent. The tertiary sector contributed 18.49 billion RMB (2.64 billion USD) or 30.4 percent, and the primary sector only 4.01 billion RMB (573 million USD). Fixed assets investment was 34.66 billion RMB (4.95 billion USD). The average salary was 27,737 RMB (about 3,962 USD), the per-capita disposable income of urban residents 14,568 RMB (2,081 USD), and consumption 10,460 RMB (1,492 USD).

Most of the 874,000 employees of Liaoyang worked in manufacturing (52,827 persons), construction (22,606 persons), public administration (21,917 persons), education (17,821 persons), and health and social welfare (8,281 persons). According to the ownership of employers, 113,000 people or almost 13 percent were employed by private companies.

Industrial Pattern

Liaoyang is an emerging modern petrochemical and textile industry city. Liaoyang Petrochemical Fiber Company is a giant petrochemical fiber conglomerate with modern technical equipment (mainly imported) and advanced management. Liaoyang has the biggest pharmaceutical machinery factory in China and national papermaking machinery and industrial paperboard production bases. Liaoyang Ferroalloy Factory is a key enterprise in the domestic ferroalloy industry. Other industries present include textiles, metallurgy, chemicals, machinery, electronics, building materials, energy, pharmaceuticals, and food processing.

Reputed as a “granary”, Liaoyang prefecture also has a well-developed agriculture and functioning value-chains in the rural economy. The eastern mountain areas abound in forest and fruit, such as hawthorn and pears. The prefecture is a national and provincial grain provider and breeds lean-type pigs and freshwater fish. Agriculture is marked by rapid development and features “high yield, high quality, and high efficiency”. Priority is given to “five developments”: grain, greenhouse vegetables, animal husbandry (cattle, live pigs, chicken), forestry and fruit industry, and freshwater aquaculture.

Nine high-quality agricultural products clusters, ten leading industries and ten industry chains have been established and developed across the rural areas. A large number of township and village enterprise groups are active in mining, building materials, iron and steel processing, agricultural sideline products, shoes and garments, steel formwork, textile bags, aluminum profiles, and leather.

Foreign Trade

Main export products of Liaoyang are light industrial products, arts and crafts, grain, edible oil, agricultural and sideline local specialties, minerals, machinery and chemical products, textiles and garments. They are exported to more than 90 countries and regions. In 2009, the city’s total foreign trade volume was 1.10 billion USD, with imports of 226.16 million USD and exports of 870.13 million USD. Foreign direct investment in Liaoyang increased quickly and totaled 817.18 million USD in 2009.

Living in Liaoyang

Located in the middle of the highway from Shenyang to Dalian, Liaoyang is close to both cities. It takes only one hour from Shenyang Taoxian International Airport to the downtown area of Liaoyang. There are modern shopping malls and supermarkets, such as TESCO, Zhongxing, and Hongyan. The Liaoyang Jiahao International Hotel and Liaoyang New Century Hotel provide good accommodation and service to travelers.

Fuxin

A City of Power

Fuxin, located in the northwest of Liaoning Province, used to be one of the four main mining bases of China. Fuxin Power Plant was the biggest coal power plant in Asia. Still today, Fuxin is known as the “City of Coal and Power”. The total area of Fuxin prefecture is 10,445 square kilometers, with a total population of 1.92 million. It administrates five districts and two counties, which are Haizhou District, Taiping District, Xihe District, Xinqiu District, and Qinghe District. The two counties are Fuxin Mongolian Autonomous County and Zhangwu County.

Geographical Location and Resources

Fuxin is a transportation hub in the west of Liaoning Province. It is convenient to start off from the city down south to Jinzhou, Beijing and Tianjin and up north to Tongliao and the mining area along the Huolin River. To the east of the city are Shenyang and the coastal cities, and to the west Chaoyang and Inner Mongolia’s Chifeng.

Fuxin is 170 kilometers from the provincial capital of Shenyang, and 148 kilometers from the Port of Jinzhou by highway. It takes 5 hours driving from Fuxin to Beijing by expressway. Fuxin-Shenyang Expressway provides the city with an opportunity to conduct closer exchanges with the cities in the center of Liaoning. Shenyang Taoxian International Airport is the closest airport to Fuxin.

Fuxin has a variety of mineral resources with major reserves in 228 locations. Silica sand, limestone, zeolite, perlite, fluorspar, bentonite, and granite are being exploited. Medical stone and agate reserves are rich as well. Fuxin is regarded as one of the main sources of gold. But with about one billion tons, the coal reserve tops all others. Annual coal production of Fuxin exceeds 10 million tons and the area of proven reserves is 825 square kilometers large. Energy resources also include natural gas and oil. To further explore the energy resources, Fuxin is looking for partners to improve the power industry and develop natural gas and oil production.

Economic Development

The regional GDP of Fuxin was 28.80 billion RMB in 2009 (about 4.11 billion USD). Largest contributor to the GDP was the secondary sector with 11.86 billion RMB (1.69 billion USD), followed by the tertiary sector with 10.56 billion RMB (1.51 billion USD). Fixed assets investment was 20.15 billion RMB (2.88 billion USD). The average salary was 23,003 RMB (about 3,286 USD), per-capita disposable income 11,116 RMB (1,588 USD), and annual consumption per capita 8,384 RMB (1,198 USD).

In terms of employment, both the service sector and the primary sector ranked before industry. Of the total 1.1 million employees in 2009, 430,000 were in the tertiary sector and 383,000 in the primary sector, among them 46,543 in mining alone.

On the basis of its resource endowment and its industrial foundation, the city is focusing on the development of the following industry clusters: forest products, leather, hydraulic equipment, and fluorine chemistry. The city has been giving priority to the construction of key projects in these areas, which has boosted the development of related industries.

Agriculture is also a main element in Fuxin’s economic development. The technology-based Liaoning National Agricultural Science and Technology Park is one of the first 21 agricultural parks in China. With rich agricultural resources, the city is a main producer of grain and livestock. In the production of grain, cattle and sheep per capita, Fuxin ranks top in Liaoning.

Foreign Investment and Foreign Trade

Fuxin approved 12 foreign-funded enterprises in 2008. New investment also went into 7 established projects with a combined foreign capital of 162.1 million USD. The new FDI was twice that of 2007, mainly due to the construction of Fuxin Sumirin wood products project, invested by Sumitomo Forestry Co., Ltd. (a Global Fortune 500 company). This project is a major step in the city’s forest product industry cluster, with a total of 2 billion USD to be invested. Foreign direct investment increased by 24% from 2008 to 2009 and reached 64.13 million USD.

Other projects with an investment of over 10 million USD each included Hong Kong Lida Casting Company, South Korea’s Shunde Antifreeze Solution Company and Fudeli Renewable Energy Company. In 2009, the total volume of foreign trade in Fuxin amounted to 114.01 million USD, of which 7.93 million USD was import and 106.08 million USD export.

Living in Fuxin

Although some distance from Shenyang and coastal areas, living in Fuxin is pleasant. There are shopping malls, department stores, and supermarkets in the town, such as New-mart, Dashang Qiansheng Department Stores, New World, and more. Four-star and three-star hotels are happy to welcome travellers from China and abroad.

Yingkou

City of Vibrant Private Economy

Yingkou is characterized by its distinct four seasons, mild climate, fertile soil, wide water and forest areas and abundance in rice, fruit and aquatic products. With the biggest fruit production base, Yingkou is called the “Land of Fruit”. The city has major reserves of magnesium and also called the “Magnesium Capital of China”. Yingkou is also the city with the most vibrant private economy development in northeast China.

Yingkou has a population of 2.35 million on a total area of 4,970 square kilometers. The prefecture of Yingkou covers four districts and two cities, which are Zhanqian District, Xishi District, Laobian District, District of Spanish Mackerel Ring, Dashiqiao City and Gaizhou City.

Geography and Resources

Yingkou is located on the northeast coast of Liaodong Peninsula of Bohai Sea and is a coastal open city. The Daliao River, one of the eight water systems in China, influxes into the Bohai Sea from here. Yingkou is 179 kilometers from Shenyang and borders to Dalian prefecture with a distance of 220 kilometers between the two cities.

Yingkou abounds in mineral resources. There are 32 types of mineral products in the city. Magnetite is one of the four magnesium ores in the world. The reserves of talc, boron ore, potassium feldspar, albite, silica and gold ores all rank top in the country.

Yingkou also grows high quality rice with an annual production of 400,000 tons. In the Qing Dynasty, Yingkou Rice was a tribute to the imperial palace.

Yingkou is a fruit production base of 400,000 tons annually and a source of 200,000 tons of fresh water and sea products in 80 varieties. The quality of Liaonan Apple ranks No. 1 in the world. Yingkou prawns and Chinese mitten crab enjoy both domestic and worldwide fame. The city has broken several domestic and world records of China World Records Association.

Economic Development

Yingkou has developed a modern industry early, and is today one of China’s light industry and textile industry centers. The city has over 40 industries and more than 3,000 enterprises providing over 700 types of products, of which more than 300 were classified as high quality products by the province and relevant ministries and commissions. The light industry, textiles, machinery, metallurgy, home appliance, electronics, building materials, musical instrument, silk spinning, petrochemical, dyeing as well as pharmaceutical industries are considered backbone industries for the economic development of the city. About one hundred enterprises have been quality certified according to ISO 9000. The production of knitted articles, cotton textile, Kapron and 66 filaments ranks top in the country. Several brands of Yingkou are well known both domestically and internationally.

Yingkou is currently positioning itself to become an key port and advanced manufacturing city. It is the only region on prefectural level in China ever covered simultaneously by two national development strategies: the Shenyang Metro and the Liaoning Belt strategies. Efforts will focus on developing industry clusters, including iron and steel, petrochemical, equipment manufacturing, new magnesium materials, textiles, new and hi-technology, modern logistics and trade and service industries.

In 2009, the GDP of Yingkou was 80.70 billion RMB (11.53 billion USD), with a primary sector of 6.75 billion RMB (970 million USD), secondary sector of 45.43 billion RMB (6.49 billion USD), and tertiary sector of 28.51 billion RMB (4.73 billion USD). Fixed assets investment was 76.26 billion RMB (10.89 billion USD). The average salary was 26,388 RMB (3,770 USD), per-capita disposable income 15,858 RMB (2,265 USD), annual consumption per capita 11,301 RMB (1,614 USD). Yingkou had 1.36 million employees, 50.7 percent in the service sector, and 18.6 percent employed by private enterprises.

Industrial Pattern

Yingkou belongs both to the Shenyang Metropolitan Economic Area and to the Liaoning Coastal Economic Belt, and is facing extraordinary development opportunities. The city intends to grasp these opportunities and has worked out the Yingkou City Strategic Development Plan. Yingkou will develop northern and southern parts of the city, with Laocheng, Laobian, Dashiqiao, and Zhongyejingcheng in the north, Haishang Xincheng, Gaizhou Laocheng, Bayuquan, and Xianren Island in the south. According to this plan, Yingkou will be the regional center of the two national development regions. The prefecture is expected to grow to a population of 2.5 million by 2015, with 1.4 million in the city.

Transportation development plans aim at creating convenient communication to support a sustainable business development. They rely on development of Yingkou Port and the promotion of city clusters, and the construction of highways to other cities. Yingkou wants to become the second biggest international shipping center and the biggest logistics center of northeast China.

In the new development strategy, Yingkou will focus on eight industrial clusters, which are steel, petrochemical, equipment manufacturing, new magnetite materials, textiles, high-tech, modern logistics, and commerce and service. The plan also emphasizes the mix of city environment and ecological environment, to reserve space for green coverage, trying to avoid an over-expansion of urban areas. This will improve the environment and makes Yingkou a comfortable city to work and live in.

Foreign Trade

As the world economy is becoming increasingly globalized and the regional economy is more integrated, Yingkou is trying to diversify its export markets. While fostering existing markets, it plans to expand to Latin American and African customers. Yingkou has established trade relations with more than 130 countries in the world. Currently, there are 30 enterprises with earnings in foreign currency of more than 10 million USD.

Enterprises from 48 countries have invested in Yingkou, mainly from Hong Kong, Japan, South Korea and Taiwan. Of all the investment, 501 million USD are from Hong Kong, 270 million USD from Japan, 251 million USD from South Korea and 173 million USD from Taiwan. Investment from these four countries and regions accounts for 62 percent of the total. In 2008, FDI has more than doubled, and reached 504.91 million in 2009. Total volume of foreign trade was 1.673 billion USD in 2009, with 1.2 billion USD from export and 0.473 billion USD from import.

Living in Yingkou

Yingkou is a coastal city with a long history. Located between the mountains and the sea, scenery and climate make it a comfortable place for people to live in. Public transportation is based on taxies and many bus lines. A long-distance bus station and a railway station connect Yingkou to the rest of the country. Yingkou Port has ferries to Dalian, Jinzhou and Tianjin.

Famous star hotels in Yingkou include the Wandu Hotel, International Hotel, Hotel of International Trade, and the Riverside Hotel. The three most popular supermarkets are Darunfa Supermarket, Xinghong Supermarket, and New-mart.

Jinzhou

Overview

Located in the southwest of Liaoning Province, Jinzhou belongs to China’s Bohai Rim Region. It is a cultural city with a history of over 2,000 years and highly reputed in trade and commerce. Additionally, it is a dynamic modern port city with huge potential for development. Jinzhou was approved as a Class-A open city by the State Council in 1985. In 1992, the city was ranked No. 40 among National Top Cities in Comprehensive Strength appraised by the National Bureau of Statistics.

By end of 2009, Jinzhou’s population was 3.10 million, with 1.24 million in the city proper. More than 30 resident minorities include Manchu, Mongolian, Hui and Korean. Jinzhou prefecture has an area of 10,301 square kilometers with Linghai City, Beizhen City, Heishan County, Guta District, Linghe District, Taihe District, Songshan District, and the Jinzhou Economic and Technology Development Zone.

Geography

Located in the east of the “Liaoxi Corridor”, the city is located north of the Bohai Sea and south of the Songling Mountains. It is a transportation center linking the country’s northeast and north areas. Beijing-Harbin Railway, Qinhuangdao-Shenyang Dedicated Passenger Line, Beijing-Harbin Expressway and Beijing-Shenyang Expressway all run through the city. With Jinzhou-Fuxin Expressway, Jinzhou-Chaoyang Expressway and National Highway 102, Jinzhou and the neighboring cities form “an urban agglomeration within one hour of traffic”. The Port of Jinzhou is the most northern first level port in China’s coastal regions, and is among the top 20 national ports. With the geographical location and well-developed comprehensive transportation system of sea, land and air, Jinzhou has substantially expanded its economic and cultural influence and laid a foundation for the construction of a regional center of modern logistics.

Economic Development

The 2009 regional GDP of Jinzhou was 72.73 billion RMB (about 10.39 billion USD). The primary sector contributed 18 percent (13.3 billion RMB), the secondary sector 46 percent (33.55 billion RMB), and the tertiary sector 35.6 percent (25.88 billion RMB). Fixed assets investment was 32.41 billion RMB (4.63 billion USD). The average salary was 25,898 RMB (3,700 USD), urban per-capita income 15,386 RMB (2,198 USD), annual consumption per capita 10,795 RMB (1,542 USD).

The employed population was apportioned to the three sectors as follows: primary sector 696,000, secondary sector 321,000, and tertiary sector 657,000 persons. Only 111,000 people were employed by private companies.

Jinzhou has many large enterprises, the most notable being CNPC Jinzhou Petrochemical Corporation, Jinzhou Donggang Power Co. Ltd., and Panzhihua Titanium Co., Ltd. Numerous booming high-tech enterprises in Jinzhou Economic and Technological Development Zone and Jinzhou Hi-tech Industry Development Zone are showing high international competitiveness.

Yuancheng Biochemical Technology Co., Ltd. intends to become the largest grain deep-processing enterprise in Asia. Jinzhou Aohong Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. takes the lead to produce Adegold, a kind of biochemical medicine. Huashun Enterprise Group is a key enterprise in the country’s agricultural industrialization process. In total, more than 90 kinds of high-tech products and nearly 1,000 kinds of products manufactured in the city are exported to the world.

Jinzhou is speeding up the development of six industrial production bases focusing on fine chemicals and welding materials. The city is making efforts to develop four emerging industries, including new materials and auto parts. With a well-developed communications infrastructure, Jinzhou is one of the three major communications centers in Northeast China. The city’s mobile phone penetration rate ranks among the highest in the province.

The coal throughput of the Port of Jinzhou has topped 10 million tons for the first time in 2008, reaching the highest in the 18 years since the port was opened to navigation. It reached 14.3 million tons in 2009.

Industrial Pattern

Oil and chemical industries as well as machinery and electronics are the city’s main industrial branches. Jinzhou plans to become an important port city in western Liaoning. Guideline of the strategy for the comprehensive development of Jinzhou Bay is to integrate resources and share infrastructure, and the city will focus on the construction of the Port. It will give priority to the development of the national petrochemical processing. Efforts will be made to enhance the Jinzhou Economic and Technological Development Zone and the development of Linghai Industrial Economic Belt. All these initiatives aim to develop the city’s port and marine economy and take the lead in the further development of Liaoxi Jinzhou Bay Coastal Economic Zone.

The Port of Jinzhou is one of the most northern open ports in China and the third biggest port in the northeast. Ten berths for “seven categories of groceries and three categories of oils” have been built with an annual handling capacity of more than 20 million tons. The port is also specialized in refined oil products exporting, crude oil loading and unloading, and cargo loading and unloading.

Jinzhou has an international airport that meets the requirements of McDonnell Douglas MD-82, Boeing 737 and other large and medium-sized aircrafts. Direct air routes connect Jinzhou with Dalian, Wenzhou, Shenzhen, Shanghai, Guangzhou, and Beijing.

The city has two major oil pipelines transporting the crude oil of Daqing Oilfield and Panjin Oilfield. Additionally, the city also has pipelines for crude oil and refined oil products from Jinzhou Refinery to the Port of Jinzhou. The city’s post and telecommunications industry has reached an advanced level.

Efforts are being made to further develop eight industry clusters:

Petrochemical Industry Zone in the west of the city: Developing CNPC Jinzhou Petrochemical Corporation and its affiliates; focusing on the development of the petrochemical industry represented by the heavy chemical industry; building a heavy industry cluster.

Lingang Industrial Zone: Developing port related industries; building industrial zones for petrochemicals, auto parts, deep processing of agricultural products, new building materials; building a port manufacturing industry cluster.

Tanghezi Industrial Zone: Innovation of management systems, integrating effective industrial resources, liquidizing remnant assets ferroalloys, and manufacturing such products as titanium alloys; building clusters of the metallurgical and building materials industry.

Lingnan and Nanzhan IT Industry Zones: Building technology cooperation between local universities and colleges and the basis of Lingnan Industrial Park and Nanzhan IT Industry Zone in the city’s new area; building an IT industry cluster through assets restructuring and enterprise relocation.

Linghai Industrial Zone: Developing the industries of papermaking, garments, electromechanical products, deep processing of agricultural products, aquaculture on tidal flats; focusing on the construction of wind farms; developing marine chemical products; building clusters for the textile processing industry and the seafood processing industry, and building a clean energy base.

Heishan Industrial Zone: Developing the wood processing industry and bentonite resources; focusing on fast-growing and high-yield plantations; extending the industrial chain through intensive fine and deep processing; establishing a building materials industry cluster.

Beining Industrial Zone: Developing breeding, slaughtering, feed, and food processing; building an agricultural products processing industry cluster.

Yi County Industrial Zone: Developing fluorite resources; Focusing on fine chemical products, such as fluorocarbon alcohol, benzene sulfonic acid; building a fine chemical industry cluster.

Foreign Investment and Foreign Trade

Jinzhou enjoys national preferential policies for foreign investment. The city has established economic and trade relations with 90 countries and regions. Investors from 30 countries and regions have set up 300 joint ventures. Foreign direct investment increased quickly in recent years. 2008 foreign capital utilization was 310 million USD, a jump of 114.2 percent. Exported products exceed 200 varieties. The import volume was 940.46 million USD, the export volume 806.47 million USD in 2009.

Living in Jinzhou

Jinzhou Airport is the only civil airport of the international 4C level in western Liaoning Province. It offers direct flights to Beijing, Shanghai, and Dalian.

Jinzhou has many shopping malls and supermarkets, and a new Wal-mart supermarket is under construction.

Dandong

The Most Beautiful Border City in China

Dandong is the main border city from China to North Korea, the DPRK. Border is the Yalu River in the southeast of Liaoning Province. Development of the city is mainly driven by industry, trade, logistics, and tourism. Dandong is the biggest border city in China, and regarded by many as the most beautiful. It is a national-level border economic cooperation zone and also the only city in Asia that has complete ways of domestic and international transportation, border crossings, airport, railways, river port, sea port, highways and expressways.

The city covers an administrative area of 15,200 square kilometers and has a total population of 2.43 million. Dandong is divided into three counties (county-level cities), three districts, and one state-level border economic cooperation zone.

Geography

Dandong has an agreeable climate, with no extreme temperatures in summer and winter. At an annual average temperature of 9°C, the city is called “Jiangnan in the North”. Jiangnan is the southern part of the YanGIZe Delta in Central-Eastern China. Dandong is the warmest and most humid region of Northeast China.

Situated in a top-rate ecological environment, the city is one of the country’s most livable cities. Dandong enjoys rich freshwater resources. With more than 1,000 rivers and creeks running across the city, its per capita amount of freshwater is 1.5 times that of the country and 4.5 times that of Liaoning Province. Forest coverage is 66 percent, making Dandong the green lung of the Liaodong Peninsula.

Dandong is also one of China’s top tourist and garden cities. It has a total of 24 national and provincial scenic areas, nature reserves, and forest parks. The city has launched a multitude of unique tourist programs, such as tours to North Korea, border tours, thermal baths, seaside holidays, and golf courses, which greatly enchant hosts of tourists. The city has become a popular leisure resort.

Dandong will be a transfer center of the planned Tokyo-Seoul-Beijing great international passageway. The city has already established a comprehensive land-sea-air transportation network. Distance to Pyongyang is 220 kilometers and 420 kilometers to Seoul. The city is 220 kilometers from Shenyang and 252 kilometers from Dalian, connected to both with new expressways. The railway passage in the eastern section of Northeast China and the Dandong-Tonghua Railway that are under construction will serve as new channels to bring the eastern part of Northeast China into contact with other countries and regions. The bountiful resources of the thirteen cities in the region will be available by sea.

Economic Development

Regional GDP of Dandong was 60.75 billion RMB (about 8.68 billion USD) in 2009, 16 percent more than in the year before. Fixed assets investment was 49 billion RMB (7 billion USD), up 40 percent. The average salary was 23,370 RMB (3,338 USD), leading to a disposable income per capita of urban residents of 12,827 RMB (1,932 USD), and annual consumption per capita of 10,380 RMB (1,482 USD).

Dandong has most jobs in the service sector and in agriculture and mining, while the secondary sector is less relevant for employment than in most other regions of Liaoning. The primary sector employed 460,000 persons in the year 2009, while 254,000 worked in the secondary and 468,000 in the tertiary sector.

Industrial Pattern

Dandong has more than 1,700 enterprises, light industry accounting for the major proportion. Of all 82 light industry categories defined by the state, Dandong has 68 categories. The city has a solid foundation in new industries and a leading product development capacity for the instrument industry. Four fifth of Dandong’s main products, including chemical fiber, passenger buses, cars, and light-duty axles, are sold all over China or exported.

Car axles produced in Dandong dominate the domestic market. China’s only enterprise designated to manufacture automotive turbochargers by the National Automotive Industry Corporation, also the biggest producer of rear axle shafts for cars and agricultural vehicles: Dandong Huanghai Automobile Co., Ltd., produces 84 types of products, with a domestic market coverage rate exceeding 95 percent. The city is home to 46 state-owned and larger private enterprises, among them 15 in the electronic information industry. Also, 16 medium-sized high-tech and software enterprises are here. Viscose produced in the city has been leading the domestic market, and its tussah products enjoy fame all over the world. Other notable industrial products of Dandong are raw coal (1.3 million tons), cement (1.0 million tons) and raw iron (0.3 million tons). A significant volume of quality agricultural products such as forest frog, rice, Chinese chestnuts, strawberry, prawn, and tobacco also comes from Dandong.

Foreign Trade

Dandong is both a coastal city and border city. It shares 300 kilometers of borderline with the Korean Peninsula. Dandong is an essential city along the Trans-Asian Railway that links Shimonoseki (Japan), Seoul (South Korea), Pyongyang (North Korea), Beijing (China), and Moscow (Russia).

As an excellent natural ice-free port in northern China, the Port of Dandong is 245 nautical miles away from the Port of Incheon in South Korea. It also has direct links with Japan and plays a vital role in connecting the countries by sea. In 2008, the handling capacity of the port stood at 34.7 million tons. The goal of the port is to increase its handling capacity to 100 million tons in 2015.

An international passageway project, which is called “a grand campaign of the 21st century”, is under construction and will connect Tokyo across the “Japan-Korea Undersea Tunnel” with the Korean Peninsula, enter China at Dandong, pass through the Middle East, Moscow and Berlin, finally ending on the British Isles. The completion of this passageway will substantially enhance the strategic and economic status of Dandong as one of the eastern gateways. The city will stand out in economic and trade cooperation between China, the Eurasian Continent, Japan and the Korean Peninsula by land and sea. Great efforts are also being made to build Dandong Airport into a gateway airport.

North Korea, South Korea, Japan, and the United States are the top countries in foreign trade value of Dandong Port. Garments and accessories, base metals and related products, electromechanical products and spare parts, and anthracite coal are the commodities with the highest import value. Topping the list of exported products are crude oil, electromechanical products and spare parts, garments and accessories, agricultural products, base metals, textile materials and textile fabrics, aquatic products, and plastic products. Export of aquatic products more than doubled in 2008.

Living in Dandong

With an intact natural environment, clean and fresh air, convenient transportation, and a wide spectrum of businesses, Dandong is fine place to live, for business, and to visit. There are many choices of hotels, including the four-star Holiday Inn which provides proper accommodation and services for international visitors. Alongside the Yalu River, many bars and restaurants serve different cultures and tastes.

Benxi

Living Museum of Geography

Located in the middle of Liaoning within a mountain area, Benxi is 84 kilometers south of Shenyang and 193 kilometers north of Dandong. 1.56 million people live here, including ethnic Manchu, Hui, Mongolian, Korean and other minorities. Benxi covers the four districts of Pingshan, Mingshan, Xihu and Nanfen, and two Manchu Autonomous counties, Benxi County and Huanren County. Benxi has plenty of mineral resources, making it the “Living Museum of Geography”.

With its clean air, mountains and rivers, Benxi is a pleasant town to live in. Notable hotels are the five-star Marriott Hotel and Taizi City Hotel, and the four-star Pearl Hotel in downtown. Shopping malls such as New-Mart and supermarkets like Vanguard cater for residents and tourists.

Geography

Benxi has marvelous natural landscapes: Benxi Water Cave, Guanmen Mountain Scenic Area, and Jiuding Tiecha Mountain. The city’s urban area is like a garden. Trees and flowers can be found everywhere in the green city. The UN has listed Benxi as a pilot city for the Agenda 21 in nature, ecological environment, sustainable development.

Benxi has improved the living conditions of residents and their environment. As a result of the “going green” campaign, the green coverage rate of the urban area has reached 40 percent. Special funds are allocated for the city’s infrastructure and renovation every year.

The distance between Benxi and Shenyang Taoxian International Airport is 50 kilometers, and 190 kilometers to the Port of Yingkou. Railways are connected with the national network and the Korean Peninsula. Benxi is part of the national Shenyang Metro development strategy and expects great impetus to the development of the city.

Economic Development

Benxi’s economy grew 9 percent in 2009 to a regional GDP of 68.84 billion RMB (9.83 billion USD). Value added of medium and large enterprises was 32 billion RMB (4.6 billion USD), up 18 percent. Fixed assets investment increased to 34 billion RMB (4.86 billion USD) in 2009. At an average salary of 28,382 RMB (4,054 USD), urban per-capita disposable income was 14,705 RMB (2,100 USD), and consumption per capita 11,218 RMB (1,602 USD).

Benxi is speeding up its economic development. With 46 large and medium-sized enterprises in Benxi, main industrial products are raw iron (14 million tons), steel (13 million tons), finished steel (12 million tons), cement (3 million tons) and raw coal (1 million tons). In 2008, 92,615 people were employed in manufacturing, 20,368 in education, 19,228 in public administration and social organizations, 17,913 persons in the mining industry, and 12,997 in transportation and storage. According to the type of business ownership, 63,000 were employed in private companies.

Industrial Pattern

Benxi has long been a “city of coal and iron”, with raw materials industry as the mainstay. But the city has started to develop a multitude of industries, such as metallurgical industry, iron and steel deep processing, building materials manufacturing, pharmaceutical manufacturing, mining, and chemical and chemical products industry. The industrial pattern of the city supports a focus on metallurgical industry, supplemented with many “special, fine, new and customized” products. The economic structure is based on two large group enterprises, Bengang (Benxi Iron & Steel Group Co., Ltd.) and Beigang (Beitai Iron & Steel Group Co., Ltd.), and supplemented by 7 industrial parks.

Based on the iron and steel processing industry, four related industries take the lead:

  1. Automobile parts industry. The production of crankshaft has topped one million, Benxi is one of the leading producers in terms of both quality and quantity. It also plays a significant role in production of auto wheels.
  2. Assembly and installation industry for equipment manufacturing. Currently, Benxi has 8 enterprises being partners of equipment manufacturers in Shenyang.
  3. Local enterprises, which used to produce spare parts only for local steel enterprises, started to expand their market to the whole country.
  4. Benxi is building a national top level precision casting center to turn the resource advantage into a market advantage.

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is another prosperous sector of Benxi. Medicinal herbs are grown on fields of 466 square kilometers. With total assets of TCM enterprises topping 200 million RMB (about 28 million USD), Benxi has become the “King of TCM” in Liaoning. The number of pharmaceutical enterprises has exceeded 50, most of them private enterprises, and 15 of them have an annual sales income of more than 5 million RMB (0.7 million USD). With an industrial value added of 940 million RMB (135 million USD) and profits and taxes of 718 million RMB (103 million USD) in 2008, these enterprises have ranked No. 1 in the pharmaceutical industry of Liaoning for five consecutive years.

Foreign Investment and Foreign Trade

In 2009, the foreign direct investment of the city was 201 million USD, increased by 78 percent over 2008, and exceeding the 200 million USD mark for the first time.

Total export volume was 646 million USD, total import 1.501 billion USD, up 19 percent.