Huludao

Gateway into Northeast China

Huludao has a population of 2.82 million and a land area of 10,375 square kilometers. The prefectural city is located west of Jinzhou and north of the Liaodong Bay. It is the first city into Liaoning when you travel east from Beijing, just outside the Shanhaiguan Pass in neighboring Hebei Province. Huludao is a gateway into Northeast China. The prefecture administers three districts (Longgang, Lianshan and Nanpiao), one county-level city (Xingcheng), and two counties (Suizhong and Jianchang).

Geography and Transportation

The coastal line of the city totals 261 km, ranking second in Liaoning (No. 1 is Dalian). The annual average temperature of the city is 11°C, with the highest being 25.1°C and the lowest -7.3°C. The annual precipitation of the city averages at 560 to 630 mm.

Highways, railways, ocean shipping, air transportation and underground pipelines constitute a comprehensive transportation network. The Beijing-Harbin Expressway and Railway run across the city. Local highways and railways radiate in all directions. Binhai Road is essential to link the city with the outside world. The bridge between Jinzhou and Huludao, which has recently opened to traffic, is important for the development of the “Jinzhou-Huludao Metropolitan Area” along the west coast of Liaoning Province.

Huludao has two ports, the main Port of Huludao and the Port of Suizhong. Shanhaiguan Airport is 20 kilometers away, Jinzhou Airport 50 kilometers. Numerous underground pipelines pass through, including the strategically important Daqing-Qinhuangdao Oil Pipeline and the Panjin-Huludao oil pipeline.

Economic Development and Education

The secondary and the tertiary sector contributed almost equally to the 2009 regional GDP of Huludao, which was 44.56 billion RMB (about 6.37 billion USD). The primary sector only added 6.19 billion RMB (885 million USD). Quite the opposite in employment, where most of the 1.37 million jobs were in the primary sector, followed by the tertiary and last the secondary sector. Total investment in fixed assets was 25.41 billion RMB (3.63 billion USD). Huludao’s average salary was 23,943 RMB (about 3,420 USD) in 2009, the per-capita disposable income of urban residents was 15,305 RMB (2,186 USD) and the annual consumption per capita 10,051 RMB (1,436 USD).

Huludao has a number of universities and vocational colleges: Liaoning Finance and Trade College, Bohai Shipbuilding Vocational College, Huludao Vocational and Technical College, Liaoning Technical University (Huludao Campus), Shenyang University of Technology, Changchun University of Technology (Huludao Campus), Tianjin Network Engineering University (Bohai College), Huludao Open University, PLA Fourth Navy Flying College, and the Jinxi Navy Second Artillery College.

Industrial Pattern and Natural Resources

Huludao has a long history of mining. Molybdenum, lead, zinc, petroleum, natural gas, and nearly 1,000 underground ore deposits are found here, also uranium ores. The proven reserves of molybdenum ores are ranked No. 1 in Liaoning and account for one third of China. The city is one of the world’s top three production bases of molybdenum ores. It also has rich offshore oil and natural gas resources.

Huludao also has rich forest and fruit resources in the mountain areas. The total area of orchards stands at 1,300 million square kilometers. Qiansuo Orchard is the largest in Asia. With a 258-kilometer coastline and 89 square kilometers of mudflat, the city abounds in fish, shrimp and other seafood.

Being called the Island of Zheng, an ancient Chinese musical instrument, Huludao holds the International Zheng Culture and Art Festival every two years to attract domestic and foreign visitors. There is also the International Gourd Handicraft Fair held in the city. The annual Xingcheng Seashore Carnival is a great attraction to visitors from all over the world, as is the International Swimsuit Exhibition held in Xingcheng.

Foreign Trade

Foreign trade of Huludao developed quickly in recently years with a strong expansion of international communications. The total volume of foreign trade in 2009 was 1.014 billion USD with exports of 485.22 million USD and imports of 528.48 million USD. Foreign direct investment was relatively low at 74.47 million USD. Huludao is trying to extent communication and cooperation with more and more countries and regions, to build up a multi-level and multi-subject pattern of cooperation.

Living and Travelling in Huludao

Transportation in Huludao is convenient. The Beijing-Harbin Railway and the electrified Qinhuangdao-Shenyang Dedicated Passenger Line run through the city and provide direct links for travel and trade with Shenyang and Beijing. It takes about four hours driving from Huludao to Beijing.

The city offers a variety of places for shopping, leisure, dining, accommodation, and entertainment. There are different shopping malls, bars, restaurants, and banks, such as Xinhua Plaza, the Friendship Mall, and Hongyan Department Store. A TESCO supermarket is under construction. Huludao is one of China’s Tourism Cities and has a great number of cultural relics, historic spots and natural sights. The county-level city of Xingcheng is called the Second Beidaihe, which is another famous coastal destination where Mao Tsetung and other state leaders spent their vacation and held secret meetings. The Jiumenkou Great Wall has been listed by UNESCO as a world cultural heritage. It is the most eastern part of the Chinese Great Wall and over water.

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