Located in the southwest of Liaoning Province, Jinzhou belongs to China’s Bohai Rim Region. It is a cultural city with a history of over 2,000 years and highly reputed in trade and commerce. Additionally, it is a dynamic modern port city with huge potential for development. Jinzhou was approved as a Class-A open city by the State Council in 1985. In 1992, the city was ranked No. 40 among National Top Cities in Comprehensive Strength appraised by the National Bureau of Statistics.
By end of 2009, Jinzhou’s population was 3.10 million, with 1.24 million in the city proper. More than 30 resident minorities include Manchu, Mongolian, Hui and Korean. Jinzhou prefecture has an area of 10,301 square kilometers with Linghai City, Beizhen City, Heishan County, Guta District, Linghe District, Taihe District, Songshan District, and the Jinzhou Economic and Technology Development Zone.
Located in the east of the “Liaoxi Corridor”, the city is located north of the Bohai Sea and south of the Songling Mountains. It is a transportation center linking the country’s northeast and north areas. Beijing-Harbin Railway, Qinhuangdao-Shenyang Dedicated Passenger Line, Beijing-Harbin Expressway and Beijing-Shenyang Expressway all run through the city. With Jinzhou-Fuxin Expressway, Jinzhou-Chaoyang Expressway and National Highway 102, Jinzhou and the neighboring cities form “an urban agglomeration within one hour of traffic”. The Port of Jinzhou is the most northern first level port in China’s coastal regions, and is among the top 20 national ports. With the geographical location and well-developed comprehensive transportation system of sea, land and air, Jinzhou has substantially expanded its economic and cultural influence and laid a foundation for the construction of a regional center of modern logistics.
The 2009 regional GDP of Jinzhou was 72.73 billion RMB (about 10.39 billion USD). The primary sector contributed 18 percent (13.3 billion RMB), the secondary sector 46 percent (33.55 billion RMB), and the tertiary sector 35.6 percent (25.88 billion RMB). Fixed assets investment was 32.41 billion RMB (4.63 billion USD). The average salary was 25,898 RMB (3,700 USD), urban per-capita income 15,386 RMB (2,198 USD), annual consumption per capita 10,795 RMB (1,542 USD).
The employed population was apportioned to the three sectors as follows: primary sector 696,000, secondary sector 321,000, and tertiary sector 657,000 persons. Only 111,000 people were employed by private companies.
Jinzhou has many large enterprises, the most notable being CNPC Jinzhou Petrochemical Corporation, Jinzhou Donggang Power Co. Ltd., and Panzhihua Titanium Co., Ltd. Numerous booming high-tech enterprises in Jinzhou Economic and Technological Development Zone and Jinzhou Hi-tech Industry Development Zone are showing high international competitiveness.
Yuancheng Biochemical Technology Co., Ltd. intends to become the largest grain deep-processing enterprise in Asia. Jinzhou Aohong Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. takes the lead to produce Adegold, a kind of biochemical medicine. Huashun Enterprise Group is a key enterprise in the country’s agricultural industrialization process. In total, more than 90 kinds of high-tech products and nearly 1,000 kinds of products manufactured in the city are exported to the world.
Jinzhou is speeding up the development of six industrial production bases focusing on fine chemicals and welding materials. The city is making efforts to develop four emerging industries, including new materials and auto parts. With a well-developed communications infrastructure, Jinzhou is one of the three major communications centers in Northeast China. The city’s mobile phone penetration rate ranks among the highest in the province.
The coal throughput of the Port of Jinzhou has topped 10 million tons for the first time in 2008, reaching the highest in the 18 years since the port was opened to navigation. It reached 14.3 million tons in 2009.
Oil and chemical industries as well as machinery and electronics are the city’s main industrial branches. Jinzhou plans to become an important port city in western Liaoning. Guideline of the strategy for the comprehensive development of Jinzhou Bay is to integrate resources and share infrastructure, and the city will focus on the construction of the Port. It will give priority to the development of the national petrochemical processing. Efforts will be made to enhance the Jinzhou Economic and Technological Development Zone and the development of Linghai Industrial Economic Belt. All these initiatives aim to develop the city’s port and marine economy and take the lead in the further development of Liaoxi Jinzhou Bay Coastal Economic Zone.
The Port of Jinzhou is one of the most northern open ports in China and the third biggest port in the northeast. Ten berths for “seven categories of groceries and three categories of oils” have been built with an annual handling capacity of more than 20 million tons. The port is also specialized in refined oil products exporting, crude oil loading and unloading, and cargo loading and unloading.
Jinzhou has an international airport that meets the requirements of McDonnell Douglas MD-82, Boeing 737 and other large and medium-sized aircrafts. Direct air routes connect Jinzhou with Dalian, Wenzhou, Shenzhen, Shanghai, Guangzhou, and Beijing.
The city has two major oil pipelines transporting the crude oil of Daqing Oilfield and Panjin Oilfield. Additionally, the city also has pipelines for crude oil and refined oil products from Jinzhou Refinery to the Port of Jinzhou. The city’s post and telecommunications industry has reached an advanced level.
Efforts are being made to further develop eight industry clusters:
Petrochemical Industry Zone in the west of the city: Developing CNPC Jinzhou Petrochemical Corporation and its affiliates; focusing on the development of the petrochemical industry represented by the heavy chemical industry; building a heavy industry cluster.
Lingang Industrial Zone: Developing port related industries; building industrial zones for petrochemicals, auto parts, deep processing of agricultural products, new building materials; building a port manufacturing industry cluster.
Tanghezi Industrial Zone: Innovation of management systems, integrating effective industrial resources, liquidizing remnant assets ferroalloys, and manufacturing such products as titanium alloys; building clusters of the metallurgical and building materials industry.
Lingnan and Nanzhan IT Industry Zones: Building technology cooperation between local universities and colleges and the basis of Lingnan Industrial Park and Nanzhan IT Industry Zone in the city’s new area; building an IT industry cluster through assets restructuring and enterprise relocation.
Linghai Industrial Zone: Developing the industries of papermaking, garments, electromechanical products, deep processing of agricultural products, aquaculture on tidal flats; focusing on the construction of wind farms; developing marine chemical products; building clusters for the textile processing industry and the seafood processing industry, and building a clean energy base.
Heishan Industrial Zone: Developing the wood processing industry and bentonite resources; focusing on fast-growing and high-yield plantations; extending the industrial chain through intensive fine and deep processing; establishing a building materials industry cluster.
Beining Industrial Zone: Developing breeding, slaughtering, feed, and food processing; building an agricultural products processing industry cluster.
Yi County Industrial Zone: Developing fluorite resources; Focusing on fine chemical products, such as fluorocarbon alcohol, benzene sulfonic acid; building a fine chemical industry cluster.
Jinzhou enjoys national preferential policies for foreign investment. The city has established economic and trade relations with 90 countries and regions. Investors from 30 countries and regions have set up 300 joint ventures. Foreign direct investment increased quickly in recent years. 2008 foreign capital utilization was 310 million USD, a jump of 114.2 percent. Exported products exceed 200 varieties. The import volume was 940.46 million USD, the export volume 806.47 million USD in 2009.
Jinzhou Airport is the only civil airport of the international 4C level in western Liaoning Province. It offers direct flights to Beijing, Shanghai, and Dalian.
Jinzhou has many shopping malls and supermarkets, and a new Wal-mart supermarket is under construction.