Tieling

Barn of North Liaoning

Tieling has 3.06 million inhabitants and is located in the Songliao Plains of North Liaoning. It is an agriculture area. The prefecture covers 12,966 square kilometers.

Urban Yinzhou and Qinghe Districts, the county-level cities of Diaobingshan and Kaiyuan, Tieling County, Xifeng County and Changtu County belong to the prefecture. Tieling has an average 2,700 hours of annual sunshine and a precipitation of 700 mm. The temperature is 6.3°C, with a low at -31°C and a high of 35°C. The freezing period lasts 150 days. Precipitation is moderate, ideal for growing crops.

Geographical Location and Transportation

Tieling enjoys abundant water resources. The Liaohe River system with the river itself and 87 branches, has a water reserve of 3.14 billion cubic meters, of which 2.12 billion cubic meters can be utilized. This water reserve is not only able to meet residents’ daily water demands but also sufficient for the city and its downstream areas’ agricultural and industrial production.

Tieling features convenient transportation. Five state-owned railways, Changda Line, Pingqi Line, Simei Line, Kaifeng Line and Tiefa Line merge in the city and extend to a total of 450 kilometers. The average goods delivery by railway for each square kilometer of land is 562 tons, which is 40 times the China average. These railway lines also contribute to the international railway network. The newly constructed Tieling Railway Station provides complete services to the 60 passenger trains passing through every day. The station provides multimodal transport by connecting with relevant highway, airline and waterway shipping companies and also renders postal services.

Economic Development

The 2009 regional GDP of Tieling was 60.57 billion RMB (about 8.65 billion USD). The primary sector contributed 12.54 billion RMB (1.79 billion USD), the secondary sector 31.11 billion RMB (4.44 billion USD), and the tertiary sector 16.93 billion RMB (2.42 billion USD). Fixed assets investment reached 69.61 billion RMB (9.94 billion USD).

At an average salary of 24,066 RMB (about 3,438 USD), the per-capita disposable income of urban residents was 12,055 RMB (1,722 USD) and the annual consumption per capita 9,366 RMB (1,338 USD). In Tieling, 1.345 million people were employed mainly in the primary (573,000) and tertiary sector (469,000), while the secondary sector provided jobs for 303,000.

Industrial Pattern

Tieling has a solid agricultural foundation, considerable industrial inventory, sufficient water and power resources, abundant mineral reserves, and an advantageous geographical location.

Strong agriculture development made Tieling the “Barn of North Liaoning”. With four national commercial grain supply counties, the annual grain production of Tieling amounts to 2.5 million tons, the corn production to 2 million tons. Tieling is also ahead in animal husbandry, with 1.3 million cows, 3.3 million pigs, 25,000 deer, 552,000 sheep, and 86.6 million poultry.

The secondary sector of Tieling consists of 35 industrial categories, including mechanics, electronics, metallurgy, coal mining, rubber production, food processing, leather processing, pharmacy, chemical production, and textile manufacturing. Tieling has more than 19,700 enterprises, 227 of them have an annual turnover above 5 million RMB (0.7 billion USD). The Liaoning Guoneng Group Tieling Precision Machinery Co., Ltd. is the biggest drying equipment manufacturer and researcher in China. Tieling Huachen Rubber Products Co., Ltd. is the biggest complex rubber seal producer in China. The main industrial products of Tieling are coal, steel, copper and aluminum materials, valves, lifting equipment, chemical equipment, drying equipment, cement, rubber products, flat glass, paper and textiles.

Tieling also has 29 kinds of various mineral resources, such as coal, limestone, white clay, wollastonite, marble, granite, copper, iron, zinc, gold and many others. The coal reserve is about 2.2 billion tons, one third of the total reserve of Liaoning.

The city is a critical point to connect with Jilin and Heilongjiang provinces to the north. Within 100 kilometers around Tieling, there are 10 large cities and a population of 30 million. Those cities are mainly focused on heavy industry or chemical industry. Tieling is the city to focus on agriculture, including husbandry. The geographical location and agricultural specialty provide Tieling a major opportunity in the industrialization of agriculture and high value-added agricultural products.

Foreign Trade and Foreign Investment

The total volume of foreign trade in Tieling was 430.95 million USD in 2009, with exports of 420.17 million and imports of only 10.78 million USD. Naturally, Tieling’s export was focused on agricultural products. Export of corn was two thirds of the total corn export of Liaoning. The foreign direct investment of Tieling was 171.97 million USD in 2009.

Living in Tieling

Shenyang Taoxian International Airport is about one hour’s drive from Tieling, 70 kilometers. The city offers different choices of shopping malls and supermarkets, such as New-Mart, TESCO and Xinghong. The four-star Tianxing Hotel provides good service and accommodation.

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