Liaoyang is a city with a rich culture and a long history of over 2,400 years. During this time, Liaoyang was once the capital of six regional kingdoms. In 2004, the city was listed as an “Outstanding Tourist City” by the China National Tourism Administration.
Situated in the southern part of Shenyang Metropolitan Area, Liaoyang has a total population of 1.84 million. The prefecture has an area of 4,741 square kilometers and administers five urban districts on county level (Baita, Wensheng, Hongwei, Gongchangling, and Taizihe), one city (Dengta City) and Liaoyang County.
The city enjoys a prime geographical location. The southeast of the city is located nearby the hills at the west foot of the Qianshan Mountain, the northeast neighbors upon the hills at the tip of the Longgang Mountain, and the west lies at the edge of the lower Liaohe River Plain, accounting for about half of the whole city. The Hunhe River and the Taizi River flow from Benxi into Liaoyang through Wayuxi gully in Jiguanshan Town in the city’s east area.
The city is surrounded by Anshan to the south, Shenyang to the north, Benxi to the east, and the Liaohe Oilfield to the west. Shenyang-Dalian Expressway and Changchun-Dalian Railway connect Liaoyang with Shenyang at a distance of 70 kilometers. The expressway is an artery to the ports and large enterprises, such as Angang Steel Co., Ltd. and Liaoyang Petrochemical Fiber Company. Oil pipelines and railways to Changchun and Harbin link with Daqing Oilfield, the largest in China. Liaoyang-Benxi Railway and Liaoyang-Benxi Highway lead to Benxi, 79 kilometers to the east. Nearby Shenyang International Airport and the Port of Dalian connect Liaoyang with the world.
Liaoyang is a highly industrialized region, which is reflected in the composition of its regional GDP. In 2009, the total was 60.83 billion RMB in 2009 (about 8.69 billion USD), and the secondary sector had a share of 63 percent. The tertiary sector contributed 18.49 billion RMB (2.64 billion USD) or 30.4 percent, and the primary sector only 4.01 billion RMB (573 million USD). Fixed assets investment was 34.66 billion RMB (4.95 billion USD). The average salary was 27,737 RMB (about 3,962 USD), the per-capita disposable income of urban residents 14,568 RMB (2,081 USD), and consumption 10,460 RMB (1,492 USD).
Most of the 874,000 employees of Liaoyang worked in manufacturing (52,827 persons), construction (22,606 persons), public administration (21,917 persons), education (17,821 persons), and health and social welfare (8,281 persons). According to the ownership of employers, 113,000 people or almost 13 percent were employed by private companies.
Liaoyang is an emerging modern petrochemical and textile industry city. Liaoyang Petrochemical Fiber Company is a giant petrochemical fiber conglomerate with modern technical equipment (mainly imported) and advanced management. Liaoyang has the biggest pharmaceutical machinery factory in China and national papermaking machinery and industrial paperboard production bases. Liaoyang Ferroalloy Factory is a key enterprise in the domestic ferroalloy industry. Other industries present include textiles, metallurgy, chemicals, machinery, electronics, building materials, energy, pharmaceuticals, and food processing.
Reputed as a “granary”, Liaoyang prefecture also has a well-developed agriculture and functioning value-chains in the rural economy. The eastern mountain areas abound in forest and fruit, such as hawthorn and pears. The prefecture is a national and provincial grain provider and breeds lean-type pigs and freshwater fish. Agriculture is marked by rapid development and features “high yield, high quality, and high efficiency”. Priority is given to “five developments”: grain, greenhouse vegetables, animal husbandry (cattle, live pigs, chicken), forestry and fruit industry, and freshwater aquaculture.
Nine high-quality agricultural products clusters, ten leading industries and ten industry chains have been established and developed across the rural areas. A large number of township and village enterprise groups are active in mining, building materials, iron and steel processing, agricultural sideline products, shoes and garments, steel formwork, textile bags, aluminum profiles, and leather.
Main export products of Liaoyang are light industrial products, arts and crafts, grain, edible oil, agricultural and sideline local specialties, minerals, machinery and chemical products, textiles and garments. They are exported to more than 90 countries and regions. In 2009, the city’s total foreign trade volume was 1.10 billion USD, with imports of 226.16 million USD and exports of 870.13 million USD. Foreign direct investment in Liaoyang increased quickly and totaled 817.18 million USD in 2009.
Located in the middle of the highway from Shenyang to Dalian, Liaoyang is close to both cities. It takes only one hour from Shenyang Taoxian International Airport to the downtown area of Liaoyang. There are modern shopping malls and supermarkets, such as TESCO, Zhongxing, and Hongyan. The Liaoyang Jiahao International Hotel and Liaoyang New Century Hotel provide good accommodation and service to travelers.